Three-dimensional fossil algae more than 541 million years old reveal a modern-looking ancestry of the plant kingdom

Reconstruction of a cross-section through Protocodium sinense, showing likeness to modern Codium. Credit: Shu Chai Paleontologists have identified a new genus and species of algae called Protocodium sinense that predates the origin of land plants and modern animals and provides new insight into the early diversification of the plant kingdom. Discovered at a site in … Read more

An AI-assisted analysis of three-dimensional galaxy distribution in our universe

Flow chart of how the emulator developed by the research team works. Credit: Kavli IPMU, NAOJ By applying a machine-learning technique, a neural network method, to gigantic amounts of simulation data about the formation of cosmic structures in the universe, a team of researchers has developed a very fast and highly efficient software program that … Read more