Study finds all African carnivores at risk for range loss

Credit: Pixabay/CC0 Public Domain A new Yale School of the Environment-led analysis identifying gaps in maps that help forecast range contractions for African species found that all species have studied a portion of their range at risk and small carnivores warrant more concern. The study, published in Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences and … Read more

New study allows scientists to test therapies for rare neurodegenerative disease affecting young children

In this image of a human STEM cell derived neuron, the Trk-fused gene protein (TFG) is shown in green and the Golgi Apparatus, the organelle which helps package proteins for transport to the rest of the body, is shown in red. Credit: University of Wisconsin-Madison For the first time, scientists will be able to test … Read more

Why do we laugh? New study considers possible evolutionary reasons behind this very human behavior

Credit: Unsplash/CC0 Public Domain A woman in labor is having a terrible time and suddenly shouts out: “Shouldn’t! Wouldn’t! Couldn’t! Didn’t! Can’t!” “Don’t worry,” says the doctor. “These are just contractions.” Until now, several theories have sought to explain what makes something funny enough to make us laugh. These include transgression (something forbidden), puncturing a … Read more

Air pollution can amplify negative effects of climate change, new study finds

Credit: Unsplash/CC0 Public Domain The impacts of air pollution on human health, farming, and agriculture differ drastically depending on where on the planet the pollutants are emitted, according to a new study that could potentially incentivize certain countries to cut climate-changing emissions. Led by the University of Texas at Austin and the University of California … Read more

Study connects decomposing body’s BMI to surrounding soil microbes

mSphere (2022). DOI: 10.1128/msphere.00325-22″ width=”800″ height=”529″/> During human decomposition, host-associated microbes, environmental microbes, insects, and scavengers work together to break down body tissues. Liquified decomposition products are flushed into soil where microbes respond to the influx and changes in soil chemistry. Antemortem conditions, such as body mass, age, diet, diseases, or drugs and other treatments, … Read more

Study finds potentially dangerous levels of arsenic in California prison drinking water

Credit: CC0 Public Domain Ten years after the state of California recognized the human right to water, hundreds of thousands of residents still rely on drinking water that contains dangerous levels of contaminants, including the highly toxic mineral arsenic. Many of them live in low-income and rural communities that struggle to afford the necessary infrastructure … Read more

Lack of public appreciation contributes to loneliness in farming, study shows

Credit: Unsplash/CC0 Public Domain A lack of public appreciation for farmers, and an understanding of the work they do and the pressures they’re under contributes to feelings of loneliness, according to a new study. The paper, “It’s a lonely old world”: Developing a multidimensional understanding of loneliness in farming,” is published in the journal Sociologia … Read more

Warming, other factors worsening Pakistan floods, study finds

A displaced family wades through a flooded area after heavy rainfall, in Jaffarabad, a district of Pakistan’s southwestern Baluchistan province, Aug. 24, 2022. A new study says human-caused climate change juiced the rainfall that triggered Pakistan’s floods by up to 50%. But the authors of the Thursday, Sept. 15, study say other social issues that … Read more

A ‘grazing encounter’ may have smashed the moon to bits to form Saturn’s rings, a new study suggests — ScienceDaily

Swirling around the planet’s equator, the rings of Saturn are a dead giveaway that the planet is spinning at a tilt. The belted giant rotates at a 26.7-degree angle relative to the plane in which it orbits the sun. Astronomers have long suspected that this tilt comes from gravitational interactions with its neighbor Neptune, as … Read more

Study shows potential of southern cattail for phytoremediation of areas contaminated by mine tailings

Phytoremediation involves the use of plants to extract and remove elemental pollutants or lower their bioavailability in soil. Credit: Amanda Duim Ferreira Typha domingensis, the Southern cattail, a reedy marsh plant that inhabits fresh to slightly brackish waters and is about 2.5 m tall, can scavenge up to 34 times more manganese from contaminated soil … Read more