Simple process extracts valuable magnesium salt from seawater

Researchers can isolate magnesium feedstocks from the ocean, important for renewable energy applications. Credit: Composite image by Cortland Johnson, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory Since ancient times, humans have extracted salts, like table salt, from the ocean. While table salt is the easiest to obtain, seawater is a rich source of different minerals, and researchers are … Read more

Airbus talks ESM delivery process for upcoming Artemis flights

The European Space Agency (ESA) is providing the European Service Module (ESM), the provider of propulsion and life support for the Orion crew capsule. The ESM sits on top of the Interim Cryogenic Propulsion Stage (ICPS) on the Space Launch System (SLS), which is being prepared for its third launch attempt on the Artemis I … Read more

Radioactive decay: Discovery, process and causes

Radioactive decay is the strange and almost mystical ability for one element to naturally and spontaneously transmute into another. In the process, those elements tend to emit deadly forms of radiation in the electromagnetic spectrum. Radioactive decay is most commonly associated with nuclear disasters, such as at Chernobyl (opens in new tab), where the resulting … Read more

Modeling the merger of a black hole with a neutron star and the subsequent process in a single simulation

Numerical simulation of a black hole-neutron star merger. The density profile is shown in blue and green, the magnetic-field lines penetrating the black hole are shown in pink. Unbound matter is shown in white its velocity by green arrows. Credit: K. Hayashi (Kyoto University) Using supercomputer calculations, scientists at the Max Planck Institute for Gravitational … Read more

Process to customize molecules does double duty

Rice University graduate student Kang-Jie (Harry) Bian sets up light-sensitive molecules for an experiment in the lab of chemist Julian West. Bian is lead author of a study inspired by natural processes to enable the modular difunctionalization of alkene molecules for drug and materials design. Credit: Rice University Inspired by your liver and activated by … Read more

Unraveling a perplexing explosive process that occurs throughout the universe

Physicist Kenan Qu with images of fast radio burst in two galaxies.Top and bottom photos at left show the galaxies, with digitally enhanced photos shown at the right. Dotted oval lines mark burst locations in the galaxies. Credit: Qu photo by Elle Starkman; galaxy photos: NASA; collage by Kiran Sudarsanan. Mysterious fast radio bursts release … Read more

Two-step molecular process rewires nutrient transport in wild thale cress

Marie-Lan Nguyen/Wikimedia Commons, CC BY 2.5” width=”600″ height=”530″/> Thale cress (Arabidopsis thaliana), botanic school of the Jardin des Plantes of Paris, France. Credit: Marie-Lan Nguyen/Wikimedia Commons, CC BY 2.5 New research in plants that colonized the base of an active stratovolcano reveals that two simple molecular steps rewired nutrient transport, firing adaptation. An international team … Read more

New process aims to strip ammonia from wastewater

Rice University engineers have designed a catalyst of ruthenium atoms in a copper mesh to extract ammonia and fertilizer from wastewater. The process would also reduce carbon dioxide emissions from traditional industrial production of ammonia. Credit: Jeff Fitlow/Rice University A dash of ruthenium atoms on a mesh of copper nanowires could be one step toward … Read more

New molecule sets stage for nickel as a ‘greener’ photocatalyst, reveals key steps in reaction process

Nature Communications (2022)” width=”685″ height=”530″/> a Tridentate ligand framework design. b Representative tridentate N-donor ligands commonly used for stabilizing uncommon Ni oxidation states and the RN3 tridentate ligands developed in this work. Credit: Na et al, Nature Communications (2022) In recent years, the golden word in precious metals is palladium. A crucial component in automobile … Read more

New study outlines biotechnology process to produce rocket fuel on red planet — ScienceDaily

Researchers at the Georgia Institute of Technology have developed a concept that would make Martian rocket fuel, on Mars, that could be used to launch future astronauts back to Earth. The bioproduction process would use three resources native to the red planet: carbon dioxide, sunlight, and frozen water. It would also include transporting two microbes … Read more