Eutelsat satellite to get last ride from SpaceX’s oldest active Falcon 9 booster – Spaceflight Now

The Eutelsat 10B communications satellite inside an antenna test range at Thales Alenia Space in Cannes, France. Credit: Eutelsat A 12,000-pound European broadband communications satellite designed to beam internet signals to airplanes and ships is ready to rocket into a high-altitude orbit from Cape Canaveral Monday night, marking the 11th and final flight for SpaceX’s … Read more

World’s oldest complete star map found in medieval manuscript

Scholars may have just discovered a fragment of the world’s oldest complete star map. The map segment, which was found beneath the text on a sheet of medieval parchment, is thought to be a copy of the long-lost star catalog of the second century BC Greek astronomer Hipparchus, who made the earliest known attempt to … Read more

Oldest vertebrate fossil heart ever found tells a 380 million-year-old story of evolution

The Gogo fish fossils used in this study were discovered within rocks found in the Kimberley. Credit: Curtin Universty In the limestone ranges of Western Australia’s Kimberley region, near the town of Fitzroy Crossing, you’ll find one of the world’s best-preserved ancient reef complexes. Here lie the remnants of myriad prehistoric marine animals, including placoderms, … Read more

Stone Age skeleton missing foot may show oldest amputation

Dr Tim Maloney and Andika Priyatno work at the site in a cave in East Kalimantan, Borneo, Indonesia, March 2, 2020. The remains, which have been dated to 31,000 years old, mark the oldest evidence for amputation yet discovered. And the prehistoric “surgery” could show that humans were making medical advances much earlier than previously … Read more

Discovery and naming of Africa’s oldest known dinosaur

Artistic reconstruction of Mbiresaurus raathi (in the foreground) with the rest of the Zimbabwean animal assemblage in the background. It includes two rhynchosaurs (at front right), an aetosaur (at left), and a herrerasaurid dinosaur chasing a cynodont (at back right). Illustration courtesy of Andrey Atuchin. Credit: Virginia Tech An international team of paleontologists led by … Read more

Sahelanthropus, the oldest representative of humanity, was indeed a bipedal

Left: 3D models of the postcranial material of Sahelanthropus tchadensis. From left to right: the femur, in posterior and medial view; the right and left ulnae, in the anterior and lateral view. Right: Example of analysis performed to interpret the locomotor mode of Sahelanthropus tchadensis. 3D cortical thickness map for the femurs variation of (from … Read more

Octopus lures from the Mariana Islands found to be oldest in the world

University of Guam archaeologist Michael Carson at the 2013 excavation of Sanhalom, near the House of Taga, on the island of Tinian in the Northern Mariana Islands. The excavation uncovered an octopus lure artifact from a layer that Carson has since carbon dated to 1500–1100 BC, making it the oldest known artifact of its kind … Read more

Oldest DNA from domesticated American horse lends credence to shipwreck folklore

The origin of Assateague’s wild horses has remained a mystery for centuries, but new genetic data supports the theory that they descended from Spanish horses marooned on the barrier island. Credit: Florida Museum photo by Jeff Gage An abandoned Caribbean colony unearthed centuries after it had been forgotten and a case of mistaken identity in … Read more

Oldest insect resource pulses revealed by fossils from China

Fig. 1 Three pieces of fossil surface with mayfly swarms from the Shiti Formation in southern China. All are the same scale and orientation. Credit: NIGPAS Resource pulses, ie, occasional episodes of ephemeral resource superabundance, represent a fundamental mechanism by which energy, nutrients, and biomass are transported across ecotones. They are widespread in extant ecosystems; … Read more