Remote monitoring helps find solutions to crapemyrtle bark scale

Insects. Credit: Texas A&M AgriLife photo” width=”800″ height=”530″/> A unique monitoring system using electrical penetration graph, EPG, and custom software has allowed the team to virtually eliminate the need for intensive studies greenhouse and costly labor. The study was recently published in the scientific journal Insects. Credit: Texas A&M AgriLife photo A collaborative team of … Read more

New modeling approach helps advance cryopreservation

Density of water within the range of pressures and temperatures that the researchers investigated. Credit: Biothermal Technology Laboratory, Carnegie Mellon University Cryopreserving tissues and organs without damaging them requires a delicate dance through the principles of thermodynamics. Carnegie Mellon University’s Biothermal Technology Laboratory has a novel modeling approach for isochoric preservation to keep the work … Read more

North Atlantic temperature helps forecast extreme events in Northeast Brazil up to three months in advance

Geophysical Research Letters. The group used a novel discretion focusing on low rainfall and severe drought. Credit: Marcello Casal Jr./Agência Brasil” width=”800″ height=”449″/> The dried-up Sobradinho dam in Bahia state in December 2015. The finding comes from a study reported by scientists from Brazil, China, Australia and Germany in the journal Geophysical Research Letters. The … Read more

How climate storytelling helps people navigate complexity and find solutions

Credit: Pixabay/CC0 Public Domain Despite learning that climate change is hitting the planet faster than scientists predicted, society has been slow to decrease the use of fossil fuels and reduce gas greenhouse emissions. For a consumer, for instance, making the switch to an electric vehicle (EV) is a difficult decision. There are many interconnected factors … Read more

NASA helps decipher how some distant planets have clouds of sand

Brown dwarfs—celestial objects that fall between stars and planets—are shown in this illustration with a range of temperatures, from hottest (left) to coldest (right). The two in the middle represent those in the right temperature range for clouds made of silicates to form. Credit: NASA/JPL-Caltech Most clouds on Earth are made of water, but beyond … Read more

Insect pathogenic bacterium also helps to combat fungal infection

The secondary cell type of Photorhabdus luminescens protects plants against the pathogenic fungus Fusarium graminearum. The associated bacteria not only safeguard plants but also kill this funs using enzymes that degrade chitin (right). Without protection, the infected plant will wither and possibly even die (left). Credit: Nazzareno Dominelli, JGU Future food shortages are expected to … Read more

Borrowed gene helps maize adapt to high elevations, cold temperatures

Credit: Pixabay/CC0 Public Domain Researchers at North Carolina State University show that an important gene in maize called HPC1 modulates certain chemical processes that contribute to flowering time, and has its origins in “teosinte mexicana,” a precursor to modern-day corn that grows wild in the highlands of Mexico . The findings provide insight into plant … Read more

Supercomputing helps reveal weaknesses in HIV-1 virus

The HIV-1 capsid encloses its genetic material, traveling all the way to the nucleus of infected white blood cells before it breaks apart to unleash its deadly genetic cargo. Simulations based on experimental evidence were developed on TACC’s Frontera supercomputer and revealed stress-strain patterns of the capsid just prior to the critical break-up stage, indicating … Read more

Is there snow in that tree? Citizen science helps unpack snow’s effect on summer water supplies

In a citizen science project created by UW researchers, participants viewed time-lapse photos from Colorado and Washington and labeled photos taken when trees had snow in their branches. Shown here is a time-lapse image from a camera on the AmeriFlux Tower in Niwot Ridge, Colorado. This image is archived in the PhenoCam network and is … Read more

Ketogenic diet helps mouse muscle stem cells survive stress, study finds

Cell Metabolism (2022). DOI: 10.1016/j.cmet.2022.04.012″ width=”800″ height=”530″/> Graphical abstract. Credit: Cell Metabolism (2022). DOI: 10.1016/j.cmet.2022.04.012 Fasting sends muscle stem cells into a deep resting state that slows muscle repair but also makes them more resistant to stress, according to a Stanford Medicine study of laboratory mice. The protective effect can also be achieved by feeding … Read more