Early detection system for nuisance alga infesting Papahānaumokuākea reefs

New species of algae at Pearl and Hermes Atoll. Credit: NOAA/National Marine Sanctuaries A new species of nuisance algae, which was formally described in 2020 by University of Hawaiʻi at Mānoa experts, continues to smother more reefs and coral at Papahānaumokuākea Marine National Monument. However, an early detection technique developed by UH Mānoa researchers can … Read more

Heated plot experiments reveal link between warmer early winters and lower crop yields

Innovative experiments using temperature-controlled field plots have helped to explain the link between early winter temperatures and yield in some of our most marketable arable crops. Credit: Phil Robinson – John Innes Centre Innovative experiments using temperature-controlled field plots have helped to explain the link between early winter temperatures and yield in some of our … Read more

How a scientist established a two-stage solar flare early warning system

Space: Science & Technology” width=”800″ height=”530″/> The visualization of four features during the existence of an active region. The x-axis represents time and its unit is a sample, where “0” represents the start time of an active region, and the time gap between adjacent times is 1.5 h. The y-axis represents the value of a … Read more

New Mexico mammoths among best evidence for early humans in North America

The remains of two mammoths discovered in New Mexico show that humans lived in North America much earlier than thought. Credit: NPS. About 37,000 years ago, a mother mammoth and her calf met their end at the hands of human beings. Bones from the butchering site record how humans shaped pieces of their long bones … Read more

Data from OSIRIS-REx reveals loose surface of asteroid Bennu and “early aging” of asteroids

Recently analyzed data from an asteroid surface-sample collection performed by NASA’s OSIRIS-REx mission has revealed that asteroid 101955 Bennu’s surface regolith is much looser than previously thought. Had OSIRIS-REx not fired its thrusters to back away from Bennu after collecting its sample, the spacecraft likely would’ve sunk straight into Bennu’s surface. What’s more, additional data … Read more

Relativity to launch Impulse Space’s Mars Lander as early as 2024

Impulse Space has announced that the company will launch the first commercial payload to Mars on board Relativity Space’s Terran R rocket. Under the new partnership, Relativity will launch Impulse’s Mars Cruise Vehicle and Mars Lander from Cape Canaveral, Florida, as part of an exclusive agreement until 2029. The earliest anticipated launch window occurs between … Read more

Webb telescope reveals the deepest image of early universe

In this screen grab of a White House broadcast the first infrared image from the James Webb Space Telescope (JWST) is seen during a briefing with US President Joe Biden and National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) officials in the South Court Auditorium at the White House in Washington, DC, on July 11, 2022.The JWST … Read more

Could medicine found in wastewater provide an early warning?

To study medicines in wastewater, UB scientists use the equipment and techniques pictured here to isolate chemical compounds from water samples. Credit: Meredith Forrest Kulwicki / University at Buffalo In a pilot project exploring ways to monitor COVID-19, University at Buffalo scientists hunted for pharmaceuticals and viral RNA simultaneously in wastewater in Western New York. … Read more

Studying galaxy growth spurts in the early universe with NASA’s Roman

This Hubble image features four of the thousands of galaxies found within the Hubble Ultra Deep Field. All of the highlighted galaxies show evidence of vigorous star formation (blue regions filled with hot, young stars). In the insets at right, the near-infrared spectrum of each galaxy is displayed. By examining a galaxy’s spectrum, you can … Read more

NASA’s Web to uncover riches of the early universe

This image shows where the James Webb Space Telescope will observe the sky within the Hubble Ultra Deep Field, which consists of two fields. The Next Generation Deep Extragalactic Exploratory Public (NGDEEP) Survey, led by Steven L. Finkelstein, will point Webb’s Near-Infrared Imager and Slitless Spectrograph (NIRISS) on the primary Hubble Ultra Deep Field (shown … Read more