Plant resources threaten by pests and diseases

Credit: Pixabay/CC0 Public Domain Imagine a world where farms bear no crops, forests have no trees and nature exists without plants. Not only will our world look incredibly different, but humanity would likely cease to exist altogether. Plants provide 98% of the air we breathe and 80% of the food we eat. That’s how much … Read more

Flood-hit Pakistan faces spread of infectious diseases

Dr. Bashir Abbas holds a free medical camp at the village Khuda Bux Mari on 31 August 2022, organised by Research and Development Foundation, in Tando Adam, Sanghar district. Ninety-nine patients were treated: 43 had diarrhoea, 21 fever and cough, 20 skin diseases, and 8 malaria. Seven people complained of minor health problems. Fourteen children … Read more

Researchers launch global dashboard to track invasive mosquitoes carrying deadly diseases

Examples of mosquitoes uploaded to apps used to provide data to the Global Mosquito Observations Dashboard. Credit: USF To combat the ongoing threat of mosquito-borne diseases worldwide, University of South Florida researchers have launched a mosquito-tracking dashboard driven by citizen science—a scalable solution proven effective in a recent USF study. Funded by a four-year grant … Read more

Technologies for single-cell RNA profiling can help dissect the cellular bases of complex diseases around the globe

Alex K. Shalek, an MIT associate professor of chemistry, uses such technologies as single-cell RNA-sequencing to analyze in gene expression patterns of individual cells, and to figure out how each cell differences contributes to the function of a tissue or organ. Credit: M. Scott Brauer Within a given tissue or organ, cells may appear very … Read more

The function of enzyme ADAR1 links it to age-related diseases via a role independent of RNA-editing during aging

Credit: Pixabay/CC0 Public Domain Aging and age-related disorders pose a complex challenge to the biomedical research community. To better understand how senescence is regulated is of high significance to promote healthy aging and treat age-associated disorders. In a research paper published today in Nature Cell BiologyRugang Zhang, Ph.D., deputy director of the Ellen and Ronald … Read more

Above-ground microbial communities that quell plant diseases can be developed

CC 1.0” width=”386″ height=”530″/> A tomato plant leaf infected with bacterial speck, the disease caused by P. syringae pv. tomato DC3000. Credit: Alan Collmer, Cornell University/Wikimedia Commons, CC 1.0 Microbial communities naturally living on the leaves and stems of tomato plants can be manipulated to suppress diseases that reduce productivity, according to Penn State researchers, … Read more

Group living means safety from predators but nastier diseases for guppies

Nature Ecology & Evolution (2022). DOI: 10.1038/s41559-022-01772-5″ width=”685″ height=”384″/> Natural guppy populations differ in predation, driving evolutionary diversion in shoaling rate. Credit: Nature Ecology & Evolution (2022). DOI: 10.1038/s41559-022-01772-5 Birds of a feather flock together, but when guppies gather, they get really bad worms. New University of Pittsburgh research shows that fish that group together … Read more

Genetic roots of three mitochondrial diseases identified via new approach

Credit: Pixabay/CC0 Public Domain When something goes wrong in mitochondria, the tiny organelles that power cells, it can cause a bewildering variety of symptoms such as poor growth, fatigue and weakness, seizures, developmental and cognitive disabilities, and vision problems. The culprit could be a defect in any of the 1,300 or so proteins that make … Read more