Soybean virus may give plant-munching bugs a boost in survival

Asifa Hameed, who led the study while led her doctoral degree in enology at Penn State, the study. Credit: Asifa Hameed Most viral infections negatively affect an organism’s health, but one plant virus in particular—soybean vein necrosis orthospovirus, often referred to as SVNV—may actually benefit a type of insect that commonly feeds on soybean plants … Read more

New laser-based instrument designed to boost hydrogen research

Optics Express (2022). DOI: 10.1364/OE.465817″ width=”800″ height=”469″/> (a) Energy and Feynman diagrams of a resonant (left) and a non-resonant (right) CRS pathways. (b) Polarization angles of the resonant (blue line) and non-resonant (red line) CRS signals, β and γ, represented as the elevation angle on the unit sphere as a function of the relative polarization … Read more

Our first steps? Fossil may boost case for earliest ancestor

This photo provided by the University of Poitiers in August 2022 shows from left, the femur, in posterior and medial view, and the right and left ulnae, in anterior and lateral view of Sahelanthropus tchadensis. These remains were discovered in 2001 by the Franco-Chadian Paleoanthropological Mission (MPFT). Based on arm and leg fossils, scientists concluded … Read more

Organ-development discovery could boost battle against cancer

Nature Communications (2022). DOI: 10.1038/s41467-022-30624-w” width=”800″ height=”530″/> Chromatin accessibility predicts organ fate and functions in conjunction with transcription in the primitive gut tube. a, Schematic diagram for the isolation of gut endodermal cells from E9.5 mice and scATAC-seq. b, Single-cell scatter plot under UMAP dimensionality reduction demonstrating the clustering and organ assignment of cells. The … Read more

Researchers sensitivity boost and speed of Raman microscopy technique

Optics Express (2022). DOI: 10.1364/OE.463032″ width=”800″ height=”530″/> Scheme of the B-CARS experimental setup. HWP: half-wave plate; PBS: polarizing beam splitter; LP: long-pass filter; SP: short-pass filter. Pump (red) and Stokes (rainbow) spectra. Schematic of the data processing pipeline: (i) Neural Network, (ii) NRB removal and (iii) Classification Methods to obtain false colors image. Credit: Federico … Read more

Agri-environment measures boost wildlife populations in long-term farm study

An agri-environmental wildflower patch at Hillesden, providing abundant resources for butterflies and their caterpillars. Photo: John Redhead. Credit: John Redhead Agri-environment schemes can significantly increase local bird and butterfly populations without damaging food production, a long-term research project has found. Scientists from the UK Center for Ecology & Hydrology (UKCEH) spent a intensively monitoring the … Read more

A boost in performance in fiber-integrated quantum memories

Picture of the quantum memory attached to the optical fiber. Credit: ICFO/ S. Grandi Quantum memories are one of the building blocks of the future quantum internet. Without them, it would be rather impossible to transmit quantum information over long distances and expand into a real quantum network. These memories have the mission of receiving … Read more

Universal UK school-based mindfulness training to boost teen mental health probably not warranted

Credit: Unsplash/CC0 Public Domain School-based mindfulness training, universally applied across the UK in a bid to boost teen mental health and well-being, probably isn’t warranted, suggesting the results of a cluster of 5 studies, published online in a special issue of Evidence Based Mental Health. The overall evidence for the effectiveness of the approach, as … Read more

Review of technologies that boost potential for carbon dioxide conversion to useful products

With the well-defined reticular frameworks and flexible modifiability, metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) can be the ideal platform to construct the enabled catalysts for carbon dioxide hydrogenation with the enhancement of catalytic activity and precise control of selectivity. Credit: Tsinghua University Press The excessive emission of greenhouse gases, especially carbon dioxide, is rapidly raising the average global … Read more

Spending time online can boost children’s well-being, depending on their social framework

Credit: Unsplash/CC0 Public Domain The concern that media access may be harmful to children and adolescents has been a topic of public debate since long before the existence of the smartphone. This debate has picked up pace with the increased use of digital technology. The Jean Twenge, for example, wrote a book in 2014 that … Read more